The term ‘Post-Impressionism’ has only one meaning: ‘after Impressionism’. Post-
Impressionism is not an art movement, nor an art style; it is a brief period at the
end of the nineteenth century. Impressionism being a phenomenon unique to
French painting, the idea of Post-Impressionism is also closely linked to French art. Generally,
the beginning of the Post-Impressionist era dates from 1886, from the moment of the eighth
and final joint Impressionist Art exhibition. The era ends after 1900, running only into the first
decade of the twentieth century.
Although ‘Post-Impressionism’ and its chronological limits
are well-defined, it seems that several Post-Impressionist works exist outside this period.
Despite this period’s extreme brevity, it is often described as an ‘era’ of Post-Impressionism.
In fact, this twenty-year period saw the emergence of such striking artistic phenomena, such
varying styles of pictorial art and such remarkable creative personalities, that these years at
the turn of the century can without a doubt be characterised as an ‘era’.