Michael A Ojovan, "Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies"
English | ISBN: 1845696263 | 2011 | PDF | 480 pages | 7 MB
Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations.
Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilization of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies.
The Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilization of radioactive wastes.
The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterization and selection of conditioning technologies. Part 1 reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part 2, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilization, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part 3 reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms.